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It is our privilege to welcome you to the official website of the National Headquarters of the State Fire Service of Poland (KG PSP).

The State Fire Service, supervised by the Ministry of Interior, is one of the basic parts of the National Firefighting and Rescue System (NFRS) - an integral part of the internal safety structure of the state. The Chief Commandant of the State Fire Service is the central authority responsible for the organization of fire protection and the NFRS.

For more information about the NFRS, see the link: National Firefighting Rescue System

The State Fire Service of Poland comprises variety of activities, starting from prevention and recognition of hazards, through education, research and development, up to responding to daily emergencies and disasters (fighting fires and other local threats, chemical and ecological rescue, technical rescue, rope rescue, water and diving rescue, urban search & rescue, limited first medical aid).

Legal basis:

State Fire Service Act of 24th August 1991 (link)

Fire Protection Act of 24th August 1991 (link)

The Chief Commandant of the State Fire Service, being the Chief of the National Civil Defence acts also as the Director General for Civil Protection.

For more information about the National Civil Defence, see the link: www.ock.gov.pl

The State Fire Service is also an active international player. Our 24/7 room (the National Centre for Rescue Coordination and Civil Protection) serves as the Poland’s focal point for the EU-MIC, the NATO-EADRCC and the UN OCHA civil protection and humanitarian aid operations. Besides the above mentioned organizations, we cooperate i.e. within the UN ECE Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, OECD, CBSS, Forum Salzburg, V4, CTIF, FEU, EFA, ISF, IRO as well as bilaterally.
Our actions involve exchange of expert knowledge, contributing to international standards and rules, cooperating within projects with our partners, as well as sending our specialized teams for operations abroad.

For more information about our international activities, see the link: International assistance and EU cooperation

Please also visit our Contact bookmark in order to get referrals to our 24/7 focal point
and the International Cooperation Department. The links to our subordinated entities, as well as to other Polish institutions involved in the safety and security activities, will you find at our LINKS bookmark
.



MANAGEMENT

Chief Commandant of the State Fire Service
Chief of the National Civil Defence




Major General Wiesław LEŚNIAKIEWICZ


Deputies

gen. Marek Kowalski

gen. Janusz Skulich

nadbryg. Piotr Kwiatkowski

Gen.
Marek KOWALSKI

Gen.
Janusz SKULICH

Gen.
Piotr KWIATKOWSKI

 

 

 

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE STATE FIRE SERVICE

National Headquarters of the State Fire Service (KG PSP) is placed on the top of the organisational structure of the State Fire Service of Poland, consisting of the National Headquarters of the SFS, 16 Regional Headquarters of the SFS, 353 District (Municipal) Headquarters of the SFS and 499 Fire and Rescue Units.

The system of the Polish State Fire Service embraces the network of fire service schools educating country’s firefighters: The Main School of Fire Service (SGSP) in Warsaw, Central School of the State Fire Service (CS PSP) in Częstochowa, 2 Fire Service Colleges (SA PSP) in Krakow and Poznan and Sub-Officers School of the State Fire Service (SP PSP) in Bydgoszcz.

Basic firefighting course is provided in every fire service training centre in district and in selected fire service schools. Firefighters who have completed a sub-officers course can continue their education in the Fire Service College (SA PSP). The Main School of Fire Service (SGSP) in Warsaw is the only technical university in Poland educating fire service officers, fire safety and civil safety engineers. Training centres of the State Fire Service also offer professional courses and trainings in the field of specialised rescue, fire and civil protection.

The system of the Polish State Fire Service comprises the Scientific and Research Centre for Fire Protection (CNBOP-PIB) situated in Józefów near Warsaw. The Centre is responsible for testing, certification and validation of the equipment used in the State Fire Service, technical fire protection systems, as well as the expertise concerning fire protection systems, including design and installation.

Another organisational unit of the State Fire Service supervised by the National Headquarters of the SFS is the Central Museum of Fire Service (CMP).




NATIONAL FIREFIGHTING AND RESCUE SYSTEM

National Firefighting and Rescue System (NFRS) has been created to protect population, property and environment within the territory of the Republic of Poland by the following activities:

  • Extinguishing fires
  • Fighting against the local threats
  • Chemical and ecological rescue operations
  • Technical rescue operations
  • Rope rescue operations
  • Urban Search and Rescue operations
  • Water and diving rescue operations
  • First medical aid

NFRS, as an integral part of the internal security system of the country, is financed by the Government. The Chief Commandant of the State Fire Service is the central body of the state administration responsible for organization and managing the NFRS. The Minister of Interior of the Republic of Poland is the central body responsible for the supervision of the NFRS.

The system embraces:

  • 494 state firefighting and rescue units
  • 3 745 voluntary firefighting units
  • 5 industrial fire service units
  • 2 industrial rescue service
  • 11 hospitals in major Polish cities
  • 201 national experts specializing in different rescue types

The system is supported by:

  • Police
  • Border Guard
  • State Inspection for Environment Protection
  • Institute for Meteorology and Water Management
  • National Atomic Energy Agency
  • Mining rescue stations
  • Maritime Search and Rescue Service
  • Naval Rescue Service
  • NGOs, e.g. Mountain Voluntary Rescue Service; Water Voluntary Rescue Service, and many others

 

 


NFRS operates on three administrative levels
corresponding with the administrative structure of the country:

  • DISTRICT – main executive level, where interventions are carried out by the district’s resources
  • REGIONAL – coordination and assistance to the rescue operations when resources in the district are insufficient
  • NATIONAL – rescue operations assistance and coordination when resources in the region are insufficient


EU COOPERATION


The National Headquarters of the State Fire Service plays a significant role in Polish international cooperation in the areas of rescue and civil protection on the EU level. This work is mainly conducted in the Council Working Party for Civil Protection (PROCIV) and based on regular cooperation with Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO).

The EU has established a Civil Protection Mechanism to strengthen the European cooperation and to facilitate coordination in civil protection assistance interventions in the event of major emergencies which may require urgent EU response actions. This applies also to situations where there may be an imminent threat of such major emergencies. It was established by the Council Decision of 23 October 2001, recast on 8 November 2007.

The Commission's European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) was created in 1992 as an expression of the European solidarity with people in need all around the world. In its 20 year existence it has provided €14 billion of humanitarian assistance to victims of conflict and disasters in 140 countries around the globe. In 2004 ECHO became the Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and integrating Civil Protection in 2010 for a better coordination and disaster response inside and outside Europe. In 2010, Kristalina Georgieva was appointed as the first dedicated Commissioner for international cooperation, humanitarian aid and crisis response.

The main forum for State Fire Services cooperation with DG ECHO is the Civil Protection Committee (CPC). CPC is a comitology body, existing since 2007. Its main tasks are analysis and evaluation of the program and financial documents related to civil protection in the EU. At the beginning of each year, the CPC recommends to the Commission a work program for the year. The funds for implementation come from the Civil Protection Financial Instrument. The National HQ of State Fire Service also coordinates the work of Polish experts in other working groups (e.g. on training, exercises, civil protection modules etc.).

In the Council, it is the duty of the Working Party for Civil Protection to deal with this area. Among the tasks of PROCIV the most important one is to develop and adopt European legislation civil protection and rescue. The Council Conclusions negotiated by the Member States and EU institutions are an important political impulse to drive the EU actions towards the Member States’ expectations. It also provides a political impetus to the European Commission and national governments to take actions to increase the safety and security of the citizens, their property and the environment.

Both abovementioned bodies are also forums for sharing experiences after emergencies, exercises or conferences.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE


The State Fire Service of Poland participates in the international operations on the basis of bilateral agreements with certain European countries, as well as in missions coordinated by:

  • The United Nations – the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
  • The European Union – the Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC)
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization – the Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)

Our experiences in rescue operations:

Earthquakes: Armenia (1988), Turkey (1999), Algeria (2003), Iran (2003), Pakistan (2005), Indonesia (2006), Haiti (2010), Japan – deployment of Polish expert (EUCPT) (2011)

Floods:
Hungary (2000), the Czech Republic (2002), Germany (2002), Ukraine (2008), Montenegro (2010), Pakistan – deployment of the Polish expert (EUCPT)(2011)

Forest fires:
Russia (2010)

Ammunition depot explosion:
the Republic of Congo – deployment of the PL expert (UNDAC Team) (2012)

Involvement in the humanitarian assistance actions:

Medical support: Albania (1999), Romania (2000), India (2001)

Equipment:
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (2007), Romania (2008), Bulgaria (2012)

Other assistance:
Ukraine (2001), Iran (2004), Sri Lanka and Indonesia (2004/2005), Romania (2005), Pakistan (2005)

Transport:
Bulgaria (2006), Georgia (2008), Albania (2010)

 



LINKS


Science and Research Centre for Fire Protection – National Research Institute
http://www.cnbop.pl/en

Central Museum of Fire Service

http://www.cmp-muzeum.pl/

Main School of Fire Service
http://www.sgsp.edu.pl/uczelnia/about/osgsp_translate/wb1.php

Central School of the State Fire Service
http://www.cspsp.pl/?language=en

Fire Service College in Poznan
http://sapsp.edu.pl/strona.php/19

Fire Service College in Cracow

http://sapsp.pl/www/index.php/

Government Centre for Security

http://rcb.gov.pl/eng/

Ministry of Interior
http://www.msw.gov.pl/portal/en

Ministry of Administration and Digitization
http://www.mac.gov.pl/

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
http://www.msz.gov.pl/Main,page,2.html


THE NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OF THE STATE FIRE SERVICE
Postal address: Podchorazych 38, PL 00-463 Warsaw

International Cooperation Department


Telephone: +48-22-523-30-26
Fax: +48-22-523-39-27
E-mail: bwm@kgpsp.gov.pl

Operational Contact Point (24 hours /7 days)
The National Centre for Coordination of Rescue Operations and Civil Protection

Telephone: +48-22-523-35-11
Fax: +48-22-523-30-78
Mobile: +48-601-925-933
E-mail: kckr@kgpsp.gov.pl

 

Exercise COOperation 2008International Exercise  Maneuvers in Rope Rescue  EUROBALTIC civil Protection Project
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