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National Firefighting Rescue System

National Firefighting and Rescue System (KSRG) is a network of professional and voluntary fire services and other supporting entities, cooperating together at scenes of emergencies.
The Chief Commandant of the State Fire Service is a central body of the state administration responsible for organization and management the KSRG. The Minister of Interior and Administration supervises the KSRG.

The system embraces

• 501 state firefighting and rescue units
• more than 4 400 volunteer fire brigades (of ca. 16000 volunteer fire brigades in Poland)
• 6 industrial and airport fire & rescue services
• 16 military fire services
• hospitals of the Ministry of Interior and Administration in major Polish cities
• national experts specializing in different rescue types

The system is supported by

Border Guard
State Inspection for Environment Protection
Institute for Meteorology and Water Management
National Atomic Energy Agency
Mining rescue stations
Maritime Search and Rescue Service
Naval Rescue Service
NGOs, e.g. Mountain Voluntary Rescue Service; Water Voluntary Rescue Service, and many others
KSRG operates on three administrative levels corresponding with the administrative structure of the country:

• District – main executive level, where interventions are carried out by the district’s resources
• Regional – coordination and assistance to the rescue operations when resources in the district are insufficient
• National – rescue operations assistance and coordination when resources in the region are insufficient

Centralized structure of the KSRG enables us to swiftly relocate rescue resources across country. In order to safeguard good response time of professional and voluntary firefighters with necessary resources (both in terms of their number and skills/equipment), we have developed various models and methodologies. Our plans took into account i.e. the number of emergencies (with the threat for people) to which the response time should have not exceeded 15 minutes, number of on-road emergencies which outreach 15 minutes response time, number of emergencies generated by people living outside the 15 minutes response area and number of emergencies where voluntary fire brigades acted only by themselves or with the involvement of the State Fire Service. In another model we calculated the minimal staff capacities for all firefighting and rescue units. We took into account statistics regarding the number of firefighters and firetrucks necessary to cope with previous emergencies and the possibility of few emergencies occurring at the same time in one area. Our further research, based also on our unique risk analysis methodology at local level, helped us to dislocate units specialized for rarer emergencies (chemical rescue, water rescue, rope rescue, heavy technical rescue, search and rescue) or to develop and deploy operational reserves supporting local units when the latter are overwhelmed by bigger emergencies.

Legal basis

Order on National Firefighting and Rescue System